civil war Archive

Calculating the Diameter of a Cannonball from a Fragment

Sometimes it’s hard to estimate the diameter of a cannonball with only a fragment, so here’s a quick way to calculate it using two rulers and a bit of geometry in just a few seconds.  After a while you’ll be able to just look at the fragment.  This does require a fragment similar to what

Civil War Musket Wipe Tool / Musket Worm Tool

I wanted to show this amazingly great condition musket wipe, apparently lost in the chaos of a major artillery engagement.  These were attached to the end of the steel ram-rod and . used to clear debris from the barrel, such as paper wadding that had not been expelled. Some worm designs were sturdy enough that they